Many tech companies in Silicon Valley like to blame the lack of diversity on what they call the pipeline. Their argument is that there are simply not enough qualified female and/or underrepresented minorities qualified to fill these high-tech roles. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has effectively called bullshit on that.
Of the people graduating from top engineering programs, 9 percent are black and Latino, but representation at tech firms typically falls around 5 percent, according to the EEOC’s recent analysis of the 2014 EEO-1 data the agency collected. That means the current talent pool is being underutilized, EEOC Chair Jenny Yang said today at a public meeting between EEOC commissioners and a panel of experts including Kapor Capital Partner Benjamin Jealous, McKinsey & Company Partner Kweilin Ellingrud, AARP Foundation Senior Attorney Laurie McCann and others.
“While there is some truth to the ‘pipeline’ theory and anxiety over the ability of the US educational system to provide a sufficiently large, well trained, and diverse labor pool, there are additional factors at play,” the EEOC’s latest report, Diversity In High Tech, states. “For example, about nine percent of graduates from the nation’s top computer science programs are from under-represented minority groups. However, only five percent of the large tech firm employees are from one of these groups. This presents the unlikely scenarios that either major employers in the field are unable to attract four out of nine under-represented minority graduates from top schools or almost half of the minority graduates of top schools do not qualify for the positions for which they were educated.”
The report also outlines a few “concerning trends,” like how the tech industry nationwide employed a larger share of white people, Asian Americans and men than the overall private industry, according to 2014 EEO-1 data.
Among leading tech firms in Silicon Valley, 57 percent of executive employees were white, 36 percent were Asian American, 1.6 percent were Hispanic and less than 1 percent were black, according to the EEOC’s 2014 data analysis. Among the total employed at top Silicon Valley tech companies, 47 percent were white, 30 percent were women, 41 percent were Asian American, 3 percent were black and 6 percent were Hispanic.
Diversity and inclusion in tech, as it turns out, is a top priority for the EEOC. That sentiment was made clear today in Yang’s opening remarks and in the EEOC’s latest report. Although the meeting took place in Washington, D.C., I was able to sit in at the teleconference at the EEOC’s San Francisco district office, where Connell participated via the livestream.
Ultimately, today’s meeting was a big brain-picking session around issues relating to diversity and inclusion, with the intention of bringing the topic to the mainstream and getting commissioners focused on it. The next step for the EEOC is having conversations with tech companies, though, the solution Jealous put forward to create a national mandate is one that could be really effective.
“At the end of the day, it comes down to companies being reluctant to change,” Jealous said during the Q&A portion.
There was also a lot of conversation and discussion around age and disability status. Although there is no data about the number of disabled people working in tech, we “can probably assume that there is underrepresentation,” EEOC Commissioner Chai Feldblum said. She went on to say that getting that data is something the federal government can work toward. Around age, AARP’s McCann noted that age discrimination is real in Silicon Valley and that, often times, job descriptions show a preference for new or recent graduates, or “digital natives.”
“Just because someone is a digital native,” McCann said, “doesn’t mean they’re an expert in technology.”
Be sure to check out the EEOC’s full report here.